September 11, 2019

Dehydration- causes, symptoms and remedy


Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn't have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don't replace lost fluids, you will get dehydrated which could resulting in increase blood sodium and reduce blood volume.

What are possible causes of dehydration

▶️Diarrhoea
▶️Vomiting
▶️Bleeding
▶️Severe burns
▶️Excessive sweating
▶️Excessive urination
▶️Excessive fluid draining drugs

What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration

Symptoms

Signs of mild or moderate dehydration include:

▶️Thirst
▶️Dry or sticky mouth
▶️Inadequate urination
▶️Dark yellow urine
▶️Dry, cool skin
▶️Headache
▶️Muscle cramps

Signs of severe dehydration include:
▶️Very dry skin
▶️Feeling dizzy
▶️Rapid heartbeat
▶️Rapid breathing
▶️Sunken eyes
▶️Sleepiness, lack of energy, confusion or irritability
▶️Fainting

Remedies for dehydration 


The only effective treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and lost electrolytes. The best approach to dehydration treatment depends on age, the severity of dehydration and its cause.

For infants and children who are dehydrated from diarrhea, vomiting or fever, use an over-the-counter oral rehydration solution(ORS). These solutions contain water and salts in specific proportions to replace both fluids and electrolytes.

Start with about a teaspoon every one to five minutes and increase as tolerated. It may be easier to use a syringe for very young children.

Most adults with mild to moderate dehydration from diarrhea, vomiting or fever can improve their condition by drinking plenty water or other liquids. Diarrhea may be worsened by full-strength fruit juice and soft drinks.

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