September 06, 2019


Inflammation is a response to injury or resistance by the tissue.
Examples include, arthritis(Inflammation of the joint), appendicitis(Inflammation of the vermiform appendix), cystitis(Inflammation of the urinary bladder) and so on.
Inflammation may be acute, sub-acute or chronic. It maybe local or systemic response.

What causes inflammation

1. Biological causes: micro-organism, bacteria, viruses and fungi
2. Immunological causes: trauma and pressure
3. Thermal causes: extreme heat or cold
4. Chemical changes: strong acids and alkaline, pesticides, poisonous drugs, irritating gases.

What are the signs and symptoms of inflammation 

Localized inflammation

1. Pain
2. Swelling
3. Redness
4. Hotness
5. Loss of function
6. Formation of our

Systemic inflammation

1. Weakness
2. Headache
3. Loss of appetite
4. Leucocytosis
5. High temperature
6. Tiredness

How to manage inflammation

1. Rest: to conserve body energy and reduce physically aggravation. Local inflammated area could be put to rest by using splints and sandbags
2. Elevate: raise the affected part to increase blood flow and reduce swelling.
3. Diet: consider diet high in carbohydrate, protein and vitamin especially vitamin C for fast healing.
4. Apply hot or cold compress to relief pain

Medical treatment of inflammation

1. Analgesic to relieve pain e.g paracetamol
2. Antibiotics to combat infection e.g Ciprofloxacin
3. Anti-inflammatory to reduce inflammation e.g ibuprofen
4. Sedative to induce sleep e.g lexotan

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