November 08, 2019

Candidiasis infection: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Candidiasis is a fungal infection typically on the skin and the mucous membranes that is caused by candida.  .

Types of candidiasis

  • Oropharyngeal candidiasis or Oral thrush: Candidiasis that occurs in the mouth when candida ablicans accumulates in the mouth.
  • Vaginal candidiasis: Candidiasis in the vagina is commonly called a vaginal yeast infection or vaginal thrust.
  • Nail candidiasis: When dermatophytes infect the nails, the nails become thick, swollen and tender, split, become dull, and may fall off.
  • Armpit candida: when candida species affects the skin under armpit eventually skin turns red and can be little raw.

Causes of candidiasis

Candidiasis can be triggered by the following
  • Antibiotics
  • Steroids
  • Contraceptive pills
  • Catheters and IV drips
  • Pregnancy
  • Menstruation
  • Sperm
  • Diabetes

Risk factors of candidiasis

  • Patients who have a central venous catheter
  • When consumed with broad-spectrum antibiotics
  • Very low neutrophil in blood
  • People who experience kidney failure or undergoing hemodialysis
  • People who underwent surgery, especially gastrointestinal surgery
  • Eating a diet high in sugar and refined carbs
  • High alcohol intake
  • A weakened immune system
  • Taking oral contraceptives
  • High-stress levels

Symptoms of candidiasis

  • Oral Thrush
  • Tiredness and Fatigue
  • Recurring Genital or Urinary Tract Infections
  • Digestive Issues
  • Sinus Infections
  • Skin and Nail Fungal Infections
  • Joint Pain

Complications due to candidiasis

  • Depression
  • Psychosexual problems
  • Male thrush- If a candidiasis woman is having sexual contact with their partner male thrush arises.
  • If vaginal candidiasis is left untreated, it can cause vaginitis, which is an inflammation of the vagina
  • Fungal infections- The most common fungal infection that can occur is tinea (ringworm)

Treatment of candidiasis

Treatment of candidiasis varies, depending on the area affected:
  • Thrush – Usually treated with topical, antifungal medications such as nystatin (Mycostatin and others) and clotrimazole.
  • Oesophagitis  – it can be treated with an oral anti-fungal drug such as fluconazole.
  • Cutaneous candidiasis – This skin infection can be effectively treated with a variety of antifungal powders and creams. The affected area must be kept clean and dry and protected from chafing.
  • Vaginal yeast infections: Vaginal yeast infections can be treated with antifungal medications such as butoconazole (Femstat), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat, Vagistat, and others), nystatin (Mycostatin and others), and tioconazole (Monistat-1, Vagistat-1). A single dose of oral fluconazole can be used. Sex partners usually do not need to be treated.
  • Deep candidiasis: This infection usually starts with an intravenous anti-fungal drug, such as voriconazole or fluconazole. People with very low white blood cell counts may need an alternative intravenous anti-fungal drug, such as caspofungin or micafungin.

Prevention of candidiasis

  • Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and non-fat dairy products.
  • Control diabetes: Good control of blood sugar levels decreases the risk of yeast infections anywhere on your body.
  • Avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics

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