November 03, 2019

Getting away from bad breath-halitosis

Halitosis is a condition in which a person emanates a persistent, unpleasant odour from their mouth. This is often called bad breath.
Halitosis can result from poor dental health habits and may be a sign of other health problems.

What causes halitosis 

●A dry mouth
●Post nasal drip
●A diet high in proteins
●Hormonal changes
●Medications which have dry mouth side effects
●History of diabetes

What are the signs and symptoms of halitosis 

●The most obvious sign or symptom of bad breath is noticing an unpleasant smell coming from the mouth
●Unpleasant or sour taste or changes in taste
●Dry mouth, and a coating on the tongue.

How is halitosis treated 

●Brush teeth and tongue: Be sure to brush at least twice a day, preferably after each meal.
●Floss: Flossing reduces the build-up of food particles and plaque from between the teeth. Brushing only cleans around 60 percent of the surface of the tooth.
●Brush tongue: Bacteria, food, and dead cells commonly build up on the tongue, especially in smokers or those with a particularly dry mouth. A tongue scraper can sometimes be useful.
●Avoid dry mouth: Drink plenty of water. Avoid alcohol and tobacco, both of which dehydrate the mouth. Chewing gum or sucking a sweet, preferably sugar-free, can help stimulate the production of saliva. If the mouth is chronically dry, a doctor may prescribe medication that stimulates the flow of saliva.
●Diet: Avoid onions, garlic, and spicy food. Sugary foods are also linked to bad breath. Reduce coffee and alcohol consumption. Eating a breakfast that includes rough foods can help clean the back of the tongue.

What are the preventive measures of halitosis 

Preventing halitosis is always easier than treating it. By developing the right habits, you can effectively help prevent it.
●Eat foods rich in fiber: High fiber foods help prevent halitosis. Avoid eating heavily processed foods that contain refined carbohydrates such as cookies, cakes, sweets and ice cream.
●Use mouthwash: Some mouthwashes or oral rinses are effective at preventing bad breath. However, you should never use alcohol based mouthwashes because the alcohol makes the mouth very dry, which will actually make the problem worse.
●Drink green and black teas: They contain polyphenols that help eliminate sulfur compounds and reduce oral bacteria.
●Avoid drying medication: Try not to take antidepressants, diuretics, pain relievers, and antihistamines unless it is absolutely medically necessary. These drugs inhibit saliva flow and can cause chronic dry mouth.
●Avoid products with sodium lauryl sulfate or alcohol: Do not use any oral hygiene products that contain sodium lauryl sulfate or alcohol because the alcohol makes the mouth very dry, one of the most common causes of bad breath.
●Clean your mouth after eating meat, fish or dairy products: Practicing consistent and thorough oral hygiene is an effective prevention tool.
●Stop smoking: Studies have shown that smokers are at higher risk of developing periodontal disease and dry mouth. Furthermore, people who smoke may also engage in other habits that promote this condition such as dieting, drinking alcohol, and suffering from chronic anxiety conditions that require exacerbating prescription medicatcions.
●Breathe through your nose instead of your mouth: Try to address any snoring or sleep apnea issues that could be affecting your breath and causing dry mouth.
●Drink water: Keep your mouth moist by drinking plenty of water.
●Clean your dentures at least once a day: Practice the same, proper oral care that you would with your original teeth.
●Eliminate dairy products from your diet: Lactose intolerance can be an underlying cause of halitosis.

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