November 03, 2019

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), or premenstrual tension (PMT), is a set of symptoms, both physical and psychological, that some women experience before their periods. These symptoms usually go away when the period starts.

What are the causes of PMS

 Exact cause of premenstrual syndrome is unknown, but several factors may contribute to the condition:
•Cyclic changes in hormones: Symptoms of PMS change with hormonal fluctuations and disappear with pregnancy and menopause.

•Chemical changes in the brain: Fluctuations of serotonin, a brain neurotransmitter that's plays a role in mood states, could trigger PMS symptoms. Insufficient amounts of serotonin may contribute to premenstrual depression, fatigue, food cravings and sleep problems.

•Depression: Some women with severe premenstrual syndrome have undiagnosed depression, though depression alone does not cause all of the symptoms.

What are the symptoms of PMS

• insomnia
• nausea
• headache
• moodiness
• acne
• tension
• social withdrawal
• poor concentration
• change in libido
• depression
• confusion
• food cravings
• dizziness
• irritability
• anxiety
• hot flushes
• breast swelling and tenderness

Lifestyle changes 

•Eat regularly: eat small rather at a time, avoid excess salt, caffeine and carbonated drinks. If necessary, reduce your weight to an ideal level.

•Regular exercise often helps to reduce PMS symptoms.

•Do things that you find relaxing and enjoyable during this time. Stress aggravates PMS, so reduce stress wherever possible.

•Dress sensibly to cope with breast tenderness (e.g. a firm fitting bra and loose-fitting clothes around the chest).

•Some medicines may help for those with severe symptoms.
Examples of drugs that could help with premenstrual syndrome include: vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), analgesics, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal contraceptives and some antidepressant. If PMS persists discuss it with your health practitioner.

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