December 23, 2019

Safer sex - Preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections.


Sex should be fun, pleasurable and enjoyable for you and your partner.
Having unprotected sex can increase your risk of having unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.

Safe sex: is a sexual activity where methods or devices are used to reduce the risk of acquiring or transmitting sexually transmitted infections.
If you desire to have oral, vagina or anal sex, the best way to prevent sexually transmitted infections is by using barriers e.g Condoms.

Forms of safe sex

1. Condoms: These are one of the best ways to prevent sexually transmitted infections and also to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
There are two kinds of condoms, which are
-Regular condom (male condom that is worn over the penis)
-Internal condom (female condom that are inserted inside the vagina or anus)
Regular and internal condoms should never be used at the same time.
Condoms serves at barrier between penis and anus, vagina or mouth, to protect both partners by keepingaway fluids that carry infections (sperm and vaginal fluids) away from the other.
2. Dental dam: This is a sheet of latex used for protection during oral sex. It is used as barrier between mouth to vulva during connilingus, or between mouth and anus during anal-oral sex.
3. Medical glove: This is used to cover hands and fingers during penetration or sexual stimulation e.g masturbation
All this above can also be used to cover sex toys e.g Dildos, during sexual stimulation or penetration. If the toy is used by more than one partner or for more than one orifice.
4. Lubrication: The friction that happens during sexual intercourse when generals are rubbing together can irritate the skin and even cause small tears in the skin of your genital, this could increase the risk of sexual infections getting into your body.
Friction can also make condom break easily. Lubrication keeps sex nice and slippery.

Other forms of safe sex includes:

-Immunisation against certain sexually transmitted viruses e.g Hepatitis B and Human papilloma Virus (that causes cervical, penile, oral cancer and genital warts).
-Limiting numbers of sexual partners or restricting sexual activity to those who know and share their STI status.
-Communicating with partners about sexual history and status, safe sex practice and acceptable partnered sexual activities.

Safe sex activities 

1. Cuddling
2. Massaging
3. Kissing (Though, some studies has shown that deep throat kissing may spread oral gonorrhoea)
4. Masturbation
5. Mutual masturbation
6. Ejaculation outside and unbroken skin
7. Sex with barrier contraception.

Resources: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safe_sex
                     https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/safer-sex

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